Constructive journalism: giving hope to the world 2

In last blog, I mentioned a positive news report about a new farming method in Bangladesh and how does the constructive journalism work. In this blog, it still focus on the positive news in Bangladesh.

A chronic shortage of vital micronutrients is also a condition that known as hidden hunger, and it exist in Bangladesh for a long-term. It can impact the health condition of maternal and child. However, according to the report of the Guardian online, a nutrition research program are processing in rural north-west Bangladesh and it found the micronutrients intake is a critical component of optimal maternal nutrition and health. This program can help the pregnant women in South Asia, even over the world, to improve their health and lives condition.

Constructive journalism can be seen as a framing process. The framing serves as a packaging process. The media organizations select some aspect of news that the journalists thought it is more salient, and cast away other aspects out of the package. Media outlets lead the audience to make attributions of responsibility through promoting a definition of problem. The constructive journalism is mainly focus on the positive side of news, and tries to provide the reason of problems and helpful advice to make contribution to the problems.[1] The negative news is always the major topic in some poor nations, people needs some positive element in their life. The positive news might be able to enlighten the people to find the way to fight with the problems and initiate a new life for their nation.

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Original report:

http://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2015/mar/09/supplements-for-pregnant-women-in-bangladesh-to-boost-nutrition

[1] Kim, S. H., Carvalho, J. P., & Davis, A. C. (2010). Talking about poverty: News framing of who is responsible for causing and fixing the problem. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 87(3-4), 563-581

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Constructive journalism: giving hope to the world 1

Food shortage is the first layer of the food security issue, and it exists in those least developed countries and even some developing countries. Bangladesh is one of the least developed countries and people always suffer from flood, which is the main reason of food shortage and poverty of Bangladesh.

Although there are many problems in Bangladesh, the positive news still found some positive aspects about a new method of farming and pointed out it cloud boost food security and the economy of Bangladesh through growing rice and seafood side by side. The positive news can be a representative for the constructive journalism, which shows the optimistic aspects of some social issue. Such as the rescue of Ebola, hydrogen-powered cars for environmental protection, and the opportunity for young generation to create more equal economy during the economic crisis.

Constructive journalism aims to find specific social issues in order to explain why it happened and provide a good example solution for issues. Consequently, it can help people to organize their conceptual worlds in positive ways.[1] Such as the constructive conflict coverage can “contribute to process of de-escalation, peace building and reconciliation instead of escalating, exaggerating or ignoring conflicts.”[2] However, the constructive journalism has to base on the fact and cannot make up the news for meeting expectation of ‘positive’.

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Original news:

http://positivenews.org.uk/2013/environment/agriculture/12132/blue-green-revolution-boost-food-security-bangladesh/

[1] Metzger, M. J. (2000). When no news is good news: Inferring closure for news issues. Journalism and mass communication quarterly. Vol. 77, No.4. pp760-787.

[2] Blasi, B. (2004). Peace journalism and the news production process. Conflict and Communication Online. Vol. 3, No. 1/2

Chocolate in India: good or not?

Chocolate can be seen as a representative for the consequence of economic growth. It emerged as a dessert in all kinds of restaurants in India, which can show the development of India’s economic growth. However, the sugar in such desserts is responsible for diabetes, which has become a new threat to Indian people’s health.

India is one of the fastest growing developing countries in Asia. With the rapid development of economy, the environment, quality of life, and social welfare all improved dramatically in different level. Rapid accumulation of wealth reduced the famine and changed the diet of the middle and upper classes in India and also brought some potential health issue to Indians.

The Guardian online focused on this kind of development issue in some developing countries such as China and India. According to Sparks, communication could help change the situation for the better. Besides, news media could be used to change people’s minds so that they become ‘modern’ and able to learn live differently and better.[1] The Guardian online report this issue with a global and development perspective, such as making a comparison of constitution between Indian people and occidental people for analyzing the significance of this issue to India, and I believe it tended to attract developing countries’ attention, which have similar situation with India.

However, in this report, it did not mention much about the official policies or government actions for preventing this problem. I think it can be more critical to show some fact, such as the flaws of government actions, to urge the authorities to take action about this issue.

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Original report:  http://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2015/mar/02/diabetes-india-south-asia-type-2

[1] Sparks, Colin. (2007). Globalization, Development and the Mass Media. London: Sage.

The British news report of obesity in China

Obesity is a serious health issue and closely linked with food safety. “China has entered the era of obesity”, said Ji Chengye, a healthcare planner of the Child and Adolescent Health Section in China, according to a report that was posted by the Guardian online.

The report also claimed that, “China has become the second most obese nation after the America in the numbers of overweight citizens”. I believe that the numbers will keep rising in next few decades, and this problem might impact the economic growth and state development in China.

Nevertheless, most people in China did not realize this problem; even the government did not pay much attention on this issue. Although this report mentioned some Chinese policies for solving obesity, the fact cannot be hide; the government financial support for obesity was almost none.

News media play an important role in the process of defining a social problem, and it can present the news to audience with a certain frame that can be a guide for audience to know what is important[1]. News media can help the society to realize problems they have and can be a supervisor for the public to deal with the problem. In this report, I think the Guardian online had done a comprehensive research about the obesity in China, and even showed potential damages on the society in the future. It can be a reminder for both Chinese people and the government to take obesity as a serious issue.

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Original website: http://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2015/feb/12/chinas-body-mass-time-bomb-policymakers-tackling-rising-obesity

[1] Kim, S. H., Carvalho, J. P., & Davis, A. C. (2010). Talking about poverty: News framing of who is responsible for causing and fixing the problem. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 87(3-4), 563-581

Welcome : )

Hi everyone, this blog is established by a journalism student studying Journalism at the University of Sheffield who concerns about the health and food safety problems in Asia and wants to express some opinions about these issues.

About this topic

Food safety is a significant issue that affects human health directly. It contains three layers of meaning: the first one is the quantity safety of food, which means a country or region could provide enough food to feed their people. The second is the quality of food. This mainly refers to the origins of food, such as food labeling, food hygiene, food additives, pesticide residues, and policies on food. And the third layer is the sustainability of food. It requires the government to put emphasis on the ecological environment protection. This blog will mainly focus on the first two aspects of the food safety.

Food safety problem might exist in anywhere, undetected. In some developed countries there are exacting standards for food-producing in order to reduce the possibility of food security problem. Food problems are more likely to happen in developing countries and the least developed countries, and the worse situation in some countries is the shortage of safe drinking water. Food safety issue, especially in the quantity layer, is always the vital problem in the least developed countries.

About the area

As we know, Asia is the most populous continent, which has around sixty per cent of the world population, meanwhile Asia is also the largest, geographically. The huge population can bring big food problems to Asian countries, especially for those less developed countries. The majority countries in Asia are developing countries such as China and India. Some of them even were identified as the least developed countries, such as Afghanistan, Nepal, and Laos. Those countries more of less have food safety problems that result in health problems, and this blog will pay attention to news reporting on British media about health and food safety issues.

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